Would you love to learn how to write a lesson plan for secondary schools? Do you desire to see a lesson plan format in Nigeria? If you are, then this article is for you.
On this page, we have taken the time to explain everything you need to know about lesson planning in teaching.
Furthermore, this article covers the following topics:
- What is a lesson plan?
- Why is lesson planning important?
- Elements of a lesson plan.
- Lesson planning steps.
- Example of a lesson plan or sample of a lesson plan.
What is Lesson Plan?
It important you know what a lesson plan is before we look at the lesson plan format in Nigeria. A lesson plan is a teacher’s detailed guide for facilitating a lesson. However, how detailed the plan depends on the preference of the teacher.
Also, it depends on the subject being covered and the need and or curiosity of the students. Typically, a lesson plan includes the basic objective of the lesson. That is, what the students need to learn. Also, it includes the following:
- A collection of teaching and learning activities. And this is how the teacher plans to achieve the goal, his method of delivery and procedure.
- Additionally, it deals with assessment methods. This is the way to measure if the objective of the lesson was achieved or not.
From the above, therefore, a lesson plan is the teacher’s guide. And it details;
- What the students need to learn.
- How it will be taught.
- Also, how learning will be measured.
A good lesson plan helps the teacher to be more effective in the classroom.
Why is Lesson Planning Important?
While you prepare to learn about lesson plan format in Nigeria, note. If you have been teaching for some time now, you will no doubt vouch for the importance of a lesson plan.
Nothing can be so frustrating as entering a class without a plan. It’s like finding yourself in a new city without a guide. Below are why a lesson plan is important:
1. It Guides the Teacher
A good lesson plan helps the teacher answer the two most important questions; what to teach and how to teach.
2. Lesson Plan Builds the Confidence of a Teacher
Having a good lesson plan format in Nigeria helps the teacher work towards a definite goal. Also, it helps build self-confidence. You would be up-to-date with new and current teaching styles that are in vogue.
Thus, it helps you to adhere to best teaching practices that deliver effective teaching. Also, you will come to be known as a well-informed, highly knowledgeable and confident teacher.
3. It Enhances Time Management
Having a good lesson plan format in Nigeria helps the teacher to cover the entire lesson within the limited time frame. Also, with a lesson plan, you will be able to teach with a better sense of direction and absolute control.
4. It Helps the Teacher Avoid Repetition
Having a good lesson plan format in Nigeria helps a teacher to be mindful of the level and previous knowledge of the students.
Furthermore, this helps to avoid repeating the lesson taught earlier. Also, it helps to eliminate casual omissions especially as students go from one term to another.
5. Helps to Create Anticipatory Mood for Students
With a lesson plan, a teacher will be able to ask proper and important questions that create an anticipatory mood for the students in the classroom.
This questioning style help prepare the students for what is coming up next. More so, this will engage the students in communication and in retaining the lesson. This is important when you engage them in a focused discussion about a particular topic.
6. It Gives Room for Adequate Preparation
No matter how vast you are in a topic, adequate preparation is important. Having a good lesson plan format in Nigeria helps teachers to be clear about what to teach and how to teach.
Also, it helps in preparing for a class even more. The teacher can research the topic, gather more information and come up with relevant teaching aids and instructional materials to share with the students.
A lesson plan helps the teacher compare his teaching with set objectives. Evaluation helps the teacher ensure that the students learn what they are supposed to learn.
Elements of a Lesson Plan and Lesson Plan Format in Nigeria
While you prepare to learn about lesson plan format in Nigeria, note. There are several lesson plan formats in Nigeria to choose from. And that is great. No matter the lesson plan format in Nigeria you adopt, please note.
It is important to ensure it has the five elements that make a good lesson plan. These five elements are needed to ensure a successful learning experience.
Elements of a Lesson Plan
The five elements of a lesson plan are:
Linking Prior Knowledge
This is where the teacher makes connections with students’ previous knowledge. It is to help the students remember something they already learnt so as to make them feel comfortable learning something new.
Engaging and Educating
Here the teacher introduces new information to engage and educate the students. Also, the use of direct instructions, modelling and concrete examples are highly essential.
This is the part where the teacher actively engages the students in a pre-planned activity. The teacher can divide the students into groups. And this is to ensure the activity is engaging and interactive.
It is very important to give the students the opportunity to reflect on what they have learnt. Also, this could be either shared orally or in writing.
This is learning beyond the four walls of the classroom. Students must be given the opportunity to see how the lesson applies to the real world. And this is by linking knowledge with future learning.
When the above five elements of a lesson plan are included in a lesson, note. It becomes easy to achieve a successful learning experience for all the students.
Lesson Plan Format in Nigeria
Below are some samples of lesson plan format in Nigeria:
Tips for Preparing a Lesson Plan Format in Nigeria
The six-lesson planning steps are:
Identify the Learning Objectives
Effective teaching goes beyond exposing the students to topics. You must set measurable objectives. And that is, what the students will know and be able to do after the learning experience.
Plan the Specific Learning Activities
This should be related to the learning objectives of the lesson. Also, this is where to plan the activities the students will have to engage in. And it is to develop the skills and knowledge necessary to demonstrate effective learning.
Plan to Assess the Students’ Understanding
While you prepare to learn about lesson plan format in Nigeria, note. Through planned oral questions, written tests, assignments, etc., you can assess the students’ understanding. Planned assessment helps you to know whether your students are learning.
Plan to Sequence the Lesson in an Engaging and Meaningful Manner
Sequence the lesson to gain the students’ attention. Also, introduce the learning objectives and stimulate the students to recall previous knowledge.
Also, you prepare to learn about lesson plan format in Nigeria, note. Present the new topic, provide guidance and allow the students to apply knowledge and skills learnt.
However, provide feedback, assess performance and enhance retention and transfer of knowledge.
Create a Realistic Timeline
While you prepare to learn about lesson plan format in Nigeria, note. To achieve the learning objectives, you must create a realistic timeline.
Plan for a Lesson Closure
While you prepare to learn about lesson plan format in Nigeria, note. This is where to summarize, review and demonstrate their understanding of major points.
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